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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jun 18;235(2):394-7.

Regulation of cytokine-induced iNOS expression by a hairpin oligonucleotide in murine cerebral endothelial cells.

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Department of Neurology, Washington University, School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is expressed in response to cytokines by a number of cell types participating in CNS inflammation, including brain cerebral endothelial cells. NF-kappaB, a transcription factor, mediates effector actions of pro-inflammatory cytokines. A combination of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) enhanced the expression of iNOS in murine cerebral endothelial cells (MCECs). In an attempt to modulate TNF-alpha+IFN-gamma induced expression of iNOS in MCECs, we designed a double-strand hairpin (hp) oligonucleotide carrying the NF-kappaB motif. This hp oligonucleotide inhibited NF-kappaB binding activity and decreased both iNOS mRNA and protein expression induced by TNF-alpha+IFN-gamma. As a control, a mutant hp oligonucleotide was without effect. The present study confirms the role of transcription factor NF-kappaB in iNOS expression induced by TNF-alpha+IFN-gamma in MCECs. More importantly, it demonstrates that an appropriately designed hp oligonucleotide is an effective tool to modulate iNOS expression and may be of potential pharmacological use.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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