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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1997 Jun;17(6):347-53.

Effects of interferons on the production of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 in human keratinocytes.

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Division of Dermatology, Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, University of Toronto, Canada.


Interferons (IFNs) originally described for antiviral activity have been reported to have pleiotropic effects, including the ability to induce interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-8 production in several cell types. IL-6 and IL-8 are proinflammatory cytokines and are known to be produced by a wide variety of cells, including human keratinocytes. In the present study, we sought to examine the effects of IFNs on IL-6 and IL-8 production from human keratinocytes. IFN-gamma (10-50 ng/ml) induced IL-6 and IL-8 production dose dependently, but no induction of IL-6 or IL-8 was observed with either IFN-alpha or IFN-beta. Because cytokines often work in a cascade fashion and keratinocytes are a source of primary cytokines, IL-1 alpha, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), we examined whether combined treatment with IFN-gamma and these primary cytokines, IL-1 alpha and TNF-alpha, had a synergistic effect on the production of IL-6 and IL-8. Combined treatment with IFN-gamma and IL-1 alpha induced 6-fold to 7-fold higher levels of IL-6 than IL-1 alpha alone. Combined treatment with IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha induced 11-fold to 12-fold higher levels of IL-6 than TNF-alpha alone. The same treatment induced 3-fold to 4-fold higher levels of IL-8 in both cases. These results suggest that IFN-gamma is a positive regulator for the production of IL-6 and IL-8 from human keratinocytes and likely has an augmentative effect on skin inflammation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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