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Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1997 Mar;17(2):158-60.

Design of an Arabic near visual acuity chart.

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Optometry Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


This paper describes the design of an Arabic test chart for measurement of visual acuity at near. The chart was designed employing specially selected Arabic letters and was based on the logMAR principle devised by Bailey and Lovie. Ten Arabic letters of nearly equal legibility values (0.92-1.05) (mean = 1.00), (SD = 0.05) were used in the design of the chart. Each row of the chart has 5 letters and row legibility values range from 4.82 to 5.03 with a mean of 4.92 (SD = 0.06). The logMAR method of visual acuity scaling was used, hence the sizes of letters in the rows progress in a uniform step of 0.1 log unit. The inter-letter spacing is equal to the width of each letter in the row, while inter-row spacing is equal to the height of letter in the subjacent row. The height of letters ranged from 3.67 to 0.46 mm corresponding to visual acuity of 2.4 M to 0.3 M which is equivalent to reduced Snellen 6/36 to 6/4.5 at 0.4 m. The chart is designed for use at 40 cm with a recommended luminance level of 160 cd/m2.

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