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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jun 27;272(26):16631-6.

Box 3-independent signaling mechanisms are involved in leukemia inhibitory factor receptor alpha- and gp130-mediated stimulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase. Evidence for participation of multiple signaling pathways which converge at Ras.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.


Chimeric receptors containing the entire or various cytoplasmic domains of either gp130 or leukemia inhibitory factor receptor alpha (LIFR) were used to identify signaling molecules and regions of these polypeptides required for the stimulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Coexpression of dominant-negative Jak2 inhibited chimeric receptor-stimulated MAPK activity by approximately 70%, while expression of dominant-negative Ras completely blocked MAPK activation by either receptor polypeptide. Deletion analysis identified a 24-amino acid region of gp130 that was necessary for maximal stimulation of MAPK, and contained box 3 (positions 120-129) and a consensus tyrosine binding motif (Tyr-118) for the protein-tyrosine phosphatase, SHP2. Expression of receptors lacking this region or of chimeric gp130(Y118F) point mutants inhibited MAPK activity by approximately 55%, suggesting that Tyr-118, but not box 3, was required during activation of MAPK by gp130. Similarly, expression of chimeric LIFR constructs lacking box 3 maximally stimulated MAPK activity, while those lacking Tyr-115, a putative SHP2 binding site, inhibited stimulation of MAPK by this polypeptide. Our results demonstrate that gp130 and LIFR stimulate MAPK activity through box 3-independent mechanisms involving: (i) effects at Tyr-118 and Tyr-115, respectively, for maximal stimulation of MAPK activity and (ii) a Jak/Tyk-dependent pathway that, together with Tyr-118- or Tyr-115-generated signals, converges at the level of Ras during activation of MAPK by cytokine.

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