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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jun 27;272(26):16398-403.

The carboxyl-terminal sequence of the human secretory mucin, MUC6. Analysis Of the primary amino acid sequence.

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  • 1Gastrointestinal Research Laboratory, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the Division of Gastroenterology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94121, USA.

Abstract

The distribution of MUC6 suggests that its primary function is protection of vulnerable epithelial surfaces from damaging effects of constant exposure to a wide range of endogenous caustic or proteolytic agents. A combination of genomic, cDNA. and 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends techniques was used to isolate the carboxyl-terminal end of MUC6. The 3' nontandem repeat region contained 1083 base pairs of coding sequence (361 amino acids) followed by 632 base pairs of 3'-untranslated region. The coding sequence consists of two distinct regions; region 1 contained the initial 270 amino acids (62% Ser-Thr-Pro with no Cys residues), and region 2 contained the COOH-terminal 91 amino acids (22% Ser-Thr-Pro with 12% Cys). Although region 1 had no homology to any sequences in GenBank, region 2 had approximately 25% amino acid homology to the COOH-terminal regions of human mucins MUC2, -5, and -5B and von Willebrand factor. The shortness of region 2 would leave little of the peptide backbone exposed to a potentially hostile environment. Antibody studies suggest that MUC6 in its native form exists as a disulfide-bonded multimer. The conservation of the 11 cysteine positions in region 2 suggests the importance of this short region to mucin polymerization.

PMID:
9195947
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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