Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bone Marrow Transplant. 1997 Jun;19(11):1079-84.

Clonogenic capacity and ex vivo expansion potential of umbilical cord blood progenitor cells are not impaired by cryopreservation.

Author information

Department of Hematology, University of Parma, Italy.


Umbilical cord blood (UCB) progenitor cells have been demonstrated to possess significant advantages over bone marrow (BM), in terms of proliferative capacity and immunologic reactivity. Therefore, UCB has been recently considered an attractive potential alternative to BM as a source of hematopoietic progenitor cells for clinical applications. Since several programs throughout the world are currently evaluating the feasibility of large-scale UCB banking for unrelated transplants, it was the aim of this study to evaluate whether cryopreservation procedures might heavily impair the clonogenic capacity, the feasibility of CD34+ selection and the ex vivo expansion potential of UCB progenitor cells. UCB samples were collected and cryopreserved as unseparated (n = 21) or mononuclear (MNC) cells (n = 15) within 12 h from delivery, and evaluated for viability, immunophenotype, cell and progenitor numbers after a minimum stay in liquid nitrogen of 6 months (range 6-14 months). Viability was always > 97% and no statistically significant difference was detected by flow cytometric analysis. Clonogenic recovery from unseparated cells was 80-87% for HPP-CFC, CFU-GEMM, BFU-E and CFU-GM, and from MNC cells ranged from 82 to 91% for LTC-IC, CFU-GEMM, BFU-E and CFU-GM. CD34+ selection (n = 8) was performed on fresh and cryopreserved MNC cells using the MiniMACS immunomagnetic separation device, showing no difference in yield (68 +/- 7% vs 57 +/- 4%, P < or = 0.4) or in purity (89 +/- 2% vs 81 +/- 6%, < or = 0.4), for fresh in comparison to cryopreserved MNC cells. After 14 days of liquid culture in the presence of different combinations of SCF, IL-3, IL-6 and G-CSF no statistically significant difference was detected in CFC fold-expansion for fresh or cryopreserved MNC cells and for CD34+ cells, either selected and cultured from fresh or cryopreserved MNC cells. In conclusion we can state that UCB is a potential source of primitive progenitor cells that can be cryopreserved unmanipulated or after physical separation without major losses in clonogenic capacity and immunophenotypic composition. Moreover, CD34+ selection from cryopreserved MNC cells is feasible and ex vivo expansion is not impaired. These results have important implications in the large scale UCB banking, in view of the potential applications of ex vivo expanded hematopoietic progenitor cells for the engraftment of adult patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center