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Cancer Res. 1997 Jun 15;57(12):2478-84.

The GTPase and Rho GAP domains of p190, a tumor suppressor protein that binds the M(r) 120,000 Ras GAP, independently function as anti-Ras tumor suppressors.

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Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, PO Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia.


p190 is a Tyr-phosphorylatable G protein of M(r) 190,000 that binds NH2-terminal SH2 domains of GAP1, a Ras GAP of M(r) 120,000. p190 contains at least two functional domains: a GTPase domain at the NH2 terminus and a GAP domain at the COOH terminus that can attenuate signal-transducing activity of three distinct G proteins (Rac, Rho, and CDC42). Here, we demonstrate that overexpression of either an antisense p190 RNA or a dominant negative mutant (Asn36) of p190 GTPase domain (residues 1-251) but not the wild-type p190 GTPase domain is able to transform normal NIH/3T3 fibroblasts. Furthermore, overexpression of either the wild-type p190 GTPase domain or the COOH-terminal GAP domain can suppress v-Ha-Ras-induced malignant transformation. These results indicate that p190 contains at least two distinct anti-Ras tumor suppressor domains, the GTPase and GAP domains, and suggest that one of the mechanisms underlying the suppression of Ras-transformation by p190 is the attenuation by p190 GAP domain of Rac/Rho/CDC42 signalings, which are essential for Ras-transformation. In fact, the p190 GAP domain alone suppresses the expression of the c-Fos gene, which is mediated by Rac/Rho/CDC42 and is required for oncogenicity of Ras.

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