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J Neurocytol. 1997 Mar;26(3):149-61.

The regional distribution of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) in the developing rat CNS: an in vivo immunohistochemical study.

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Department of Anatomy, University College, Cork, Ireland.


Using an immunohistochemical approach we have characterized the in vivo developmental distribution of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein within the rat CNS. Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein expression emerged in a non-uniform manner during the first 3 postnatal weeks. Although it was absent throughout the CNS of the newborn rat at postnatal day 0(P0), it had appeared in the spinal cord and brainstem by P7. The forebrain and cerebellum remained devoid of immunoreactivity until after P14. Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein emerged at different times within the closely associated fasciculi of the dorsal funiculus. It appeared in the fasciculus cuneatus during the first postnatal week and in the fasciculus gracilis and corticospinal tracts during weeks 2 and 3 respectively. Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein expression developed along a caudo-rostral gradient from spinal cord to forebrain and along an antero-posterior gradient within the CNS in general. The relationship between the onset of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein expression and myelinogenesis was also investigated. In most regions, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein expression lagged behind the initial appearance of myelin basic protein and Luxol Fast Blue-stained myelin by at least 1 week. These observations support the idea that myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein is the latest myelin protein to appear in development, only being expressed during the final stages of oligodendrocyte differentiation. Furthermore, the pattern of staggered expression within the dorsal columns indicates that localized, region-specific interactions may comprise a key element in the control of the terminal phases of oligodendrocyte differentiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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