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Gynecol Oncol. 1997 Jun;65(3):387-90.

Loss of heterozygosity at the alpha-inhibin locus on chromosome 2q is not a feature of human granulosa cell tumors.

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Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Southampton, Princess Anne Hospital, United Kingdom.


The alpha-inhibin gene has been shown in knockout mouse models to be a suppressor of granulosa tumorigenesis in the mouse. To determine if alpha-inhibin has the same function in humans, we have assessed the frequency of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the alpha-inhibin gene locus on chromosome 2q in 17 human granulosa cell tumors and 36 epithelial ovarian cancers. LOH was detected in 12 of 36 (33.3%) epithelial tumors but in only 1 of 17 (6%) granulosa cell tumors. These data suggest that in contrast to the suggestions from the mouse model alpha-inhibin does not function as a granulosa cell tumor suppressor gene in the human. Furthermore, analysis of the TP53 gene in the granulosa cell tumors failed to detect either LOH or point mutations, indicating that they have a developmental pathway distinct from that of epithelial ovarian tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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