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J Am Soc Nephrol. 1997 Jun;8(6):949-55.

Critical role of the extracorporeal blood temperature in the hemodynamic response during hemofiltration.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Impaired vascular reactivity during combined ultrafiltration-hemodialysis (UF+HD) compared with hemofiltration (HF) remains a rather enigmatic problem, the causes of which are still not well understood. Although a number of factors have been claimed to be responsible, most recent studies point to a major role of the extracorporeal blood temperature, which is usually lower during HF compared with UF + HD. However, previous studies in which hemodynamics were studied during UF + HD and HF in relation to the extracorporeal blood temperature are limited by the use of acetate in UF + HD, and measurements were often confined to BP and heart rate. Therefore, arterial BP, as well as forearm vascular resistance (FVR) and venous tone (strain-gauge plethysmography), was measured in 11 hemodialysis patients during 3 h UF + HD (37.5 degrees C) and predilution HF (39.0 degrees C = warm HF), resulting in equivalent extracorporeal blood temperatures. Patients were also studied during cold HF at an infusate temperature of 36.0 degrees C. UF + HD and HF were matched with respect to the dialysate and infusate composition (bicarbonate), bio-compatibility factors, and small molecule clearance. At equivalent temperatures, UF + HD and HF were associated with a comparable vascular and BP response. Only cold HF was associated with a significant increase in FVR. In addition, FVR and venous tone, as well as arterial BP, were all significantly higher during cold HF compared with both UF + HD and warm HF. These results indicate that the disparity in vascular reactivity between UF + HD and HF is primarily related to differences in the extracorporeal blood temperature.

PMID:
9189863
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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