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Allergy. 1997 Apr;52(4):445-50.

Fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray compared with oral loratadine in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis.

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1
Service d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie, Hôpital Claude Bernard, Paris, France.

Abstract

The effectiveness and safety of fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray (200 micrograms once daily for 4 weeks) were compared with those of loratadine (10 mg once daily for 4 weeks) in 114 adults and adolescents with seasonal allergic rhinitis in this multicenter, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, parallel-group study. Patients recorded their nasal symptoms (nighttime and daytime obstruction, sneezing, itching, rhinorrhea, and overall discomfort) using a 4-point scale (0 = no symptoms, 3 = very frequent symptoms) in daily diaries. Clinicians assessed patients' nasal symptoms (nighttime and daytime obstruction, sneezing, itching, and rhinorrhea) using a 4-point scale at every scheduled visit. Clinicians and patients assessed the overall effectiveness of treatment at the end of the study. Fluticasone propionate improved clinician-rated total nasal symptom scores (defined as the sum of five nasal symptoms) more than loratadine at the 2-week and 4-week assessments (P < or = 0.008). Clinicians give fluticasone propionate better global ratings than loratadine (P = 0.04). After 4 weeks of treatment, between-group differences in clinician-rated individual nasal symptoms favored fluticasone propionate (P < 0.05), with the exception of nasal itching (P = 0.11). These findings were confirmed by between-group differences in the percentages of symptom-free days calculated from patient-recorded daily diary-card data. Both treatments were well tolerated. The incidence of adverse events between groups was similar. Fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray 200 micrograms administered once daily in the morning was more effective than loratadine 10 mg administered once daily for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis.

PMID:
9188929
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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