Send to

Choose Destination
Oncogene. 1997 May 22;14(20):2435-44.

Phosphorylation and high level expression of Fra-2 in v-src transformed cells: a pathway of activation of endogenous AP-1.

Author information

Department of Gene Regulation, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Minato-ku, Japan.


Chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) transformed with v-src were previously reported to revert to normal phenotype after the introduction of dominant-negative mutants of Fos or Jun, indicating that endogenous AP-1 activity is essential for the cellular transformation. The major changes in the expression levels of fos and jun family genes induced by v-src were the elevation of fra-2 and c-jun transcripts. We show here that extensive phosphorylation of the AP-1 component Fra-2 is a major qualitative change in v-src transformed CEF and that several Ser and Thr residues in a C-terminal region of Fra-2 (amino acids 266-323) are phosphorylated specifically. The induced kinase activity was detected at the position of 42 kDa by in gel kinase assay using the Fra-2 C-terminal region as a substrate, and it was identified as chicken ERK2. JNK1 and JNK2, other members of the MAP kinase family, were not significantly activated in v-src transformed CEF and Fra-2 was not a good substrate for JNKs. fra-2 promoter analysis indicated that this promoter activity is elevated in v-src transformed CEF via two AP-1 binding sites and CRE-like sequence. We propose that phosphorylation of Fra-2 by ERK2 converts it from an inefficient transcriptional activator to an active one and further that fra-2 expression is autoregulated in response to the phosphorylation status of its gene product.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center