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Am J Med Genet. 1997 Jun 13;70(3):216-21.

Patient with an Xp21 contiguous gene deletion syndrome in association with agenesis of the corpus callosum.

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Programa de Neurobiología Molecular, Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.


The so-called Xp21 contiguous deletion syndrome or complex glycerol kinase deficiency (GKD) usually presents with classical Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) or a milder dystrophic myopathy, adrenal hypoplasia, and GKD. A number of syndromic and nonsyndromic cases of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) also map to that location. To date, none of the cases of complex GKD have been associated with ACC. Here, we report on a patient with a complex phenotype as a result of the Xp21 contiguous deletion syndrome in association with ACC. Biochemical, cytogenetic, and molecular analyses were performed to detect and establish the size of the genomic deletion. It is at least 3 million base pairs in length; however, exact limits could not be determined in the present study. Nevertheless, we suggest the presence of a primary gene involved in the embryogenesis of the corpus callosum between Xp21.1 and Xp22.11.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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