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J Biol Chem. 1997 Jun 20;272(25):15583-6.

Reciprocal regulation of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase by Ca2+-calmodulin and caveolin.

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1
Cardiovascular Division, the Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

The endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is a key determinant of vascular homeostasis. Like all known nitric-oxide synthases, eNOS enzyme activity is dependent on Ca2+-calmodulin. eNOS is dynamically targeted to specialized cell surface signal-transducing domains termed plasmalemmal caveolae and interacts with caveolin, an integral membrane protein that comprises a key structural component of caveolae. We have previously reported that the association between eNOS and caveolin is quantitative and tissue-specific (Feron, O., Belhassen, L., Kobzick, L., Smith, T. W., Kelly, R. A., and Michel, T. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 22810-22814). We now report that in endothelial cells the interaction between eNOS and caveolin is importantly regulated by Ca2+-calmodulin. Addition of calmodulin disrupts the heteromeric complex formed between eNOS and caveolin in a Ca2+-dependent fashion. In addition, overexpression of caveolin markedly attenuates eNOS enzyme activity, but this inhibition is reversed by purified calmodulin. Caveolin overexpression does not affect the activity of the other NOS isoforms, suggesting eNOS-specific inhibition of NO synthase by caveolin. We propose a model of reciprocal regulation of eNOS in endothelial cells wherein the inhibitory eNOS-caveolin complex is disrupted by binding of Ca2+-calmodulin to eNOS, leading to enzyme activation. These findings may have broad implications for the regulation of Ca2+-dependent signal transduction in plasmalemmal caveolae.

PMID:
9188442
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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