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Ann Oncol. 1997;8 Suppl 1:129-31.

Paclitaxel (Taxol) for the treatment of lymphoma.

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1
Department of Hematology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, USA.

Abstract

Paclitaxel (Taxol) was recently tested in patients with relapsed and refractory lymphoma in two phase II clinical trials using two different infusion schedules. The first, reported from the NCI (USA), used a 96-hour intravenous continuous infusion schedule, and the second, from our group, used a 3-hour infusion. In the NCI trial, 29 evaluable patients were treated with 140 mg/m2 every three weeks, which achieved a 17% response rate (all PRs); while we treated 96 evaluable patients with 200 mg/m/ every three weeks, which achieved a 25% response rate (10 CRs and 14 PRs, 95% CI: 17%-35%). In our trial, patients with relapsed (not primary refractory) intermediate-grade lymphoma had a response rate of 50%, and those with relapsed low-grade lymphoma had a response rate of 31%. In a follow-up trial, 12 patients who failed to respond to 3-hour infusion of paclitaxel were crossed over to receive paclitaxel by 96-hour infusion. None of the 12 evaluable patients achieved a major clinical response. Similarly, of 25 patients treated with cyclosporine A and paclitaxel after failing therapy with single-agent paclitaxel, only one patient (4%) responded. We conclude that paclitaxel has a promising single-agent activity, most prominently in patients with relapsed intermediate-grade lymphoma. Paclitaxel-based combination programs are currently being evaluated in our institution.

PMID:
9187446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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