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J Lipid Res. 1997 May;38(5):926-34.

High levels of (24S)-24-hydroxycholesterol 3-sulfate, 24-glucuronide in the serum and urine of children with severe cholestatic liver disease.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Extracts of urine and serum from children with cholestatic liver disease were analyzed by fast atom bombardment (FAB) mass spectrometry. About half of all spectra showed a peak at m/z 657, compatible with the presence of a glucuronidated cholestenediol sulfate. Separation by ion exchange chromatography before and after solvolysis and treatment with beta-glucuronidase, combined with analyses by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and FAB mass spectrometry with collision-induced dissociation, showed that the major compound responsible for the peak at m/z 657 was (24S)-24-hydroxycholesterol 3-sulfate, 24-glucuronide. The double conjugate of 27-hydroxycholesterol was also identified and double conjugates of cholestene- and cholestanetriols were also present. Semiquantitative analyses of the double conjugate of 24-hydroxycholesterol in patients whose FAB spectra showed a peak at m/z 657 indicated serum levels of 2-18 microM and a daily urinary excretion of 0.1-2.7 mumol/24 h. Eleven of 13 studied patients with a prominent peak at m/z 657 in the FAB spectra of their serum or urine either underwent liver transplantation or died. It is concluded that double conjugation of hydroxysterols with sulfuric and glucuronic acids can be an important metabolic pathway, particularly for (24S)-24-hydroxycholesterol. It is speculated that serious cholestatic liver disease may induce an increased formation and release of (24S)-24-hydroxycholesterol from brain (Lütjohann et al. 1996, Proc. Nutl. Acad. Sci. USA. 93: 9799-9804) with subsequent extracerebral conjugation with sulfuric and glucuronic acids.

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