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Kidney Int. 1997 Jun;51(6):1797-808.

Mesangial cell actin disassembly in high glucose mediated by protein kinase C and the polyol pathway.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

High glucose alters mesangial cell cytoskeletal structure and function. We postulated that high glucose causes mesangial cell filamentous (F) actin disassembly through a protein kinase C (PKC) mechanism involving the polyol pathway. Rat mesangial cells (passage < 10, N = 60/group) were growth-arrested and then cultured in glucose 5.6 mM (NG), 15 mM (MG) or 30 mM (HG) for 48 hours, with or without the aldose reductase inhibitor Tolrestat 0.3 mM. F and globular (G) actin were labeled with rhodamine-phalloidin and FTTC-DNase-1, respectively. Both fluorescence probes were imaged simultaneously in each cell using dual-channel confocal laser microscopy. In HG, F-actin disassembly was observed and measured by a 40% decrease in F-/G-actin fluorescence intensity ratio (no change in NG + mannitol 24.4 mM). In separate experiments, cells were labeled with BODIPY FL-bisindolylmaleimide, specific for most PKC isoforms, and fluorescence intensity/cell was measured. In NG, exposure to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) 0.1 microM for 15 minutes caused perinuclear and nuclear translocation of PKC, and F-actin disassembly identical to observations in HG alone. In HG, total PKC fluorescence increased by 50% and PMA exposure for 24 hours normalized both the total PKC and F-/G-actin fluorescence ratio. In NG and HG, exposure (15 min) to PMA 0.1 microM increased PKC activity three to four times, measured by in situ 32P-phosphorylation of EGF-receptor substrate. By immunofluorescence and confocal imaging, diacylglycerol-sensitive PKC-delta was localized to the cytosol in NG, and after 15 minutes exposure to PMA, translocated to the perinuclear region and plasma membrane. In HG. PKC-delta immunofluorescence was significantly increased/cell, distributed in a cytoskeletal pattern and the intensity was glucose-concentration dependent (30 > 15 > 5.6 mM). In HG, exposure to PMA for 24 hours returned the PKC-delta fluorescence to the intensity and cytosolic pattern observed in NG, and simultaneously prevented F-actin disassembly. Tolrestat significantly reduced the total PKC and PKC-delta fluorescence intensity and F-actin disassembly observed in HG. Immunoblot confirmed increased PKC-delta in HG, which was normalized by Tolrestat. The immunofluorescence pattern of diacylglycerol-insensitive PKC-delta was unchanged in HG, with PMA or Tolrestat. We conclude that mesangial cell F-actin disassembly in high glucose is likely mediated through diacylglycerol-sensitive PKC isoforms, including PKC-delta and involves the polyol pathway.

PMID:
9186869
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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