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Neurochem Int. 1997 Jul;31(1):139-50.

Protein kinase C from bat brain: the enzyme from a hibernating mammal.

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Institute of Biochemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


Protein kinase C (PKC) from brain of euthermic and hibernating bats (Myotis lucifugus) showed only one form as determined by hydroxylapatite chromatography, compared with three forms found in rat brain. Cross-reaction with antibodies to rabbit alpha, beta, and gamma isozymes showed that bat brain contained only PKC(gamma). During hibernation the activity of PKC in bat brain decreased to 63% of the euthermic value but the percentage that was membrane-associated did not change. Bat and rat brain PKC(gamma) were purified to homogeneity. Both enzymes phosphorylated all three of the substrates tested (FKKSFKL-NH2 peptide substrate, histone H1, protamine), the bat enzyme having significantly higher K(m) values than rat PKC for both peptide and histone. Both enzymes required phospholipids and Ca2+ for activation with rat brain PKC depending almost exclusively on phosphatidylserine. Bat PKC, however, made use of other phospholipids and showed relative activities of 100:81:33:42 for euthermic PKC and 100:91:45:35 for hibernator PKC with phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylcholine, and phosphatidylethanolamine (each at 50 microM), respectively. Activation of bat PKC by phosphatidylserine was temperature sensitive, being 3.5-fold at 4 degrees C (hibernating body temperature) compared with 14-18-fold at 33 degrees C (near euthermic body temperature). Arrhenius plots for bat brain PKC showed a sharp break below 10 degrees C; activation energies below this temperature were 11.5- and 5.2-fold greater than at higher temperatures for the enzyme from hibernating versus euthermic animals. By contrast, plots for the rat enzyme were linear over the range 0-42 degrees C. The data suggest that a sharp suppression of PKC activity by several mechanisms (reduced total activity, low temperature effects on activity and sensitivity to phospholipids) may be important to overall metabolic rate suppression during hibernation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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