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Am J Med Genet. 1997 Jun 27;70(4):377-86.

New insights into the phenotypes of 6q deletions.

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  • 1Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229-3039, USA.

Abstract

Deletions of chromosome 6q are rare. We report 3 new patients with 6q deletions. Case 1 is a male with an interstitial deletion [del(6)(q13q14.2)], hypotonia, speech delays, and minor anomalies. Case 2 is a male with an interstitial deletion [del(6)(q16.2q22.32)] and malformations, including truncus arteriosus and bilateral oligodactyly. Case 3 is a male with a terminal deletion [del(6)(q25.2)] with retinal pits, hydrocephalus, atrioventricular canal, and hydronephrosis. The findings in our patients and those from 57 previously reported cases demonstrated 3 phenotypic groups associated with 6q deletions. Group A [del(6)(q11-q16)] had a high incidence of hernias, upslanting palpebral fissures, and thin lips with lower frequency of microcephaly, micrognathia, and heart malformations. Group B [del(6)(q15-q25)] was associated with increased intrauterine growth retardation, abnormal respiration, hypertelorism, and upper limb malformations. Group C [del(6)(q25-qter)] was associated with retinal abnormalities, cleft palate, and genital hypoplasia. The only universal finding among all patients with 6q deletions was mental retardation. Other findings common to all 3 groups included ear anomalies (90%), hypotonia (82%), and postnatal growth retardation (68%).

PMID:
9182778
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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