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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1996 Mar;37(3):483-9.

In-vitro activity of azithromycin in against intracellular Helicobacter pylori.

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Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.


We studied the effect in vitro of azithromycin on the clinical strain Helicobacter pylori H:72 growing intracellularly in monolayers of HEp-2 epithelial cells. After using gentamicin to eradicate extracellular bacteria, different concentrations of azithromycin were added to the infected cells and samples were taken after 0, 4, 8 and 24 h. Infected cells not exposed to antibiotic were included as controls. The MIC of azithromycin to the H. pylori was 0.25 mg/L and the MBC 0.5 mg/L in a broth dilution plate count method. A bactericidal effect was observed on intracellular H. pylori, with inhibition increasing with increasing azithromycin concentrations. However, extracellular concentrations of 200 x MBC were necessary to achieve intracellular killing. Our results show that azithromycin is active against intracellular H. pylori suggesting that it might be possible to exploit this activity when treating infections due to the organism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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