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J Infect Dis. 1997 Jun;175(6):1453-8.

Prevalence and correlates of antibody to chlamydial heat shock protein in women attending sexually transmitted disease clinics and women with confirmed pelvic inflammatory disease.

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Department of Obstetrics-Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle 98104, USA.


A cross-sectional study of 306 women was done to correlate antibody to the chlamydial hsp60 (Chsp60) with epidemiologic, serologic, and laparoscopic findings of women with and without pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Of the 306 women, 150 had confirmed PID by laparoscopic (n = 69) or histologic (n = 81) criteria, and 156 sexually transmitted disease clinic attendees without clinical PID did (n = 94) or did not (n = 62) have chlamydia. In multivariate analyses, Chsp60 antibody was independently associated with confirmed PID, age > 20 years, nonwhite race, > 10 lifetime sex partners, current oral contraceptive use, and IgG antibody titers; it was not associated with a positive Chlamydia trachomatis culture. Among the 69 women with laparoscopic evidence of PID, the highest level of Chsp60 antibody (optical density > 1.0) was found in 8 (80%) of 10 women with occluded tubes, compared with 11 (19%) of 58 with patent tubes (P < .001). We conclude that antibody to Chsp60 was significantly correlated with risk factors for PID, confirmed PID, and occluded fallopian tubes but not with acute C. trachomatis infection without PID.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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