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Mol Microbiol. 1997 May;24(3):457-64.

Energy requirement for pullulanase secretion by the main terminal branch of the general secretory pathway.

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Unité de Génétique Moléculaire, CNRS URA 1149, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


The energy requirement for the second step in pullulanase secretion by the general secretory pathway was studied in Escherichia coli. In order to uncouple the two steps in the secretion pathway (across the cytoplasmic and outer membranes, respectively) and to facilitate kinetic analysis of secretion, a variant form of pullulanase lacking its N-terminal fatty acid membrane anchor was used. The transport of the periplasmic secretion intermediate form of this protein across the outer membrane was not inhibited by concentrations of sodium arsenate in excess of those required to reduce ATP levels to < or = 10% of their normal value. Pullulanase secretion was inhibited by the protonophore carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone at concentrations which were similar to those reported by others to be required to prevent solute uptake or the export and processing of preproteins across the cytoplasmic membrane, but which were in excess of those required to fully dissipate the proton-motive force and to reduce lactose uptake to a significant extent.

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