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Oncogene. 1997 May 15;14(19):2251-7.

Deregulated expression of E2F-1 induces cyclin A- and E-associated kinase activities independently from cell cycle position.

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Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vienna, Department of Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy, Austria.


The transcription factor E2F activates genes required for S phase, such as cyclin E and cyclin A. We show that, contrary to long term effects of E2F-1 overexpression, short ectopic overexpression of this transcription factor in logarithmically growing cells does neither affect the cell cycle distribution nor the cell size, but heavily induces cyclin E and A expression as well as cyclin E- and A-dependent kinase activities. We further separated logarithmically growing E2F-1-overexpressing cells according to their different cell cycle phases by centrifugal elutriation. These experiments revealed that deregulated E2F-1 expression triggers high levels of cyclin E and A expression and kinase activities in small early G1 cells, normally not exhibiting these activities. These effects on the regulation of cyclin E- and A-associated kinases are not accompanied by any detectable alteration in the rate of progression through the cell cycle, suggesting that these changes are independent of any mitogenic properties of E2F-1.

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