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Lancet. 1979 Nov 17;2(8151):1033-6.

Cyclosporin A initially as the only immunosuppressant in 34 recipients of cadaveric organs: 32 kidneys, 2 pancreases, and 2 livers.


34 patients treated with cyclosporin A received 36 cadaveric organ allografts (32 kidneys, 2 pancreases, and 2 livers), 26 kidneys are still supporting life, 3 after more than a year; the pancreases and livers are also functioning. 20 patients are not receiving steroids, and 15 of these have not had any additional immunosuppressive agents. In these patients infectious complications have not been severe, but a gastroduodenal lymphoma has developed in 1 patient. 6 patients were given 'Cytimum' (a cyclophosphamide derivative) and steroids in addition to cyclosporin A: 5 of these died of infections and 1 also had a lymphoma. 11 patients received additional steroids: 1 of these died from septicaemia and lymphoma. Nephrotoxicity can be avoided by perioperative hydration and forced diuresis. Cyclosporin A is effective on its own and is a very potent immunosuppressive drug. Additional immunosuppressive agents may lead to severe complications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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