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Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1997 Apr;16(4):314-8.

Selection of Candida glabrata strains with reduced susceptibility to azoles in four liver transplant patients with invasive candidiasis.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Ramón y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

The cases of four liver transplant recipients who developed invasive candidiasis (2 cholangitis, 1 perihepatic abscess, 1 candidemia) due to azole-resistant, Candida glabrata are reported. Three patients were receiving azolic compounds (2 itraconazole, 1 fluconazole) when the infection was diagnosed. All four patients received fluconazole as intestinal decontamination during the first three weeks post transplantation. The infections occurred two months after transplantation in all patients, and in one patient Candida infection was the direct cause of death. Infection of the biliary tree was the origin of candidiasis in three patients; the fourth patient developed neutropenic-related candidemia. Fluconazole MICs exceeded 16 micrograms/ml in all cases; itraconazole MICs were 16, 2, 1, and 2 micrograms/ml, respectively. The potential role of Candida species other than albicans in these patients after administration of azole agents is discussed.

PMID:
9177967
DOI:
10.1007/bf01695638
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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