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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1997 Apr;44(2):97-102.

1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 activates T cells of tumor bearers through protein phosphatase 2A.

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Research Service, Hines VA Hospital, IL 60141, USA.


The sterol 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] can inhibit T cell activation as well as restore the functional competence of suppressed T cells, The present studies determined whether 1,25(OH)2D3 had a differential effect on the activation of normal T cells or of suppressed T cells from mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma tumors. Normal spleen cell proliferation in response to immobilized anti-CD3 was unaffected by the lower doses of 0.1-10 nM 1,25(OH)2D3, and was inhibited by the higher dose of 100 nM 1,25(OH)2D3. In contrast, 1,25(OH)2D3 increased proliferation and interferon gamma secretion by T cells of tumor bearers in response to stimulation through T cell receptor/CD3. Assessment of mechanisms associated with the 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulation of tumor-bearer T cells implicated protein phosphatase 2A (PP-2A). First, PP-2A activity of spleen cells from tumor bearers was reduced compared to that of normal spleen cells but was increased by 1,25(OH)2D3. Second, 1,25(OH)2D3 stimulation of tumor-bearer T cell proliferation was dependent on this PP-2A activity as it was blocked by doses of okadaic acid that selectively inhibit PP-2A. These results suggest that 1,25(OH)2D3 preferentially enhances the responsiveness of immunosuppressed T cells from tumor bearers to TCR/CD3 stimulation by restoring PP-2A activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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