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Cancer Lett. 1997 Jun 3;116(1):27-32.

Pancreas cancer, tobacco smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages: a case-control study.

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Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu, Helsinki.


A population-based case-control study investigated pancreas cancer in relation to consumption of alcoholic beverages, tobacco smoking and pancreatitis, utilizing historical proxy data for 662 decedent Finnish pancreas cancer cases and 1770 cancer controls. Tobacco smoking increased the risk, with an attributable case fraction of 0.27. The data are consistent with a joint effect of early and late stage carcinogens in tobacco smoke. Consumption of distilled beverages did not increase risk, but heavy drinking of wine or beer did. History of pancreatitis was a strong risk factor.

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