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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 May 19;234(2):382-5.

CMO I deficiency caused by a point mutation in exon 8 of the human CYP11B2 gene encoding steroid 18-hydroxylase (P450C18).

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Department of Medical Chemistry, Kochi Medical School, Nankoku, Japan.


Corticosterone methyloxidase I (CMO I) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of aldosterone biosynthesis. To determine further the molecular genetic basis of CMO I deficiency, a patient of Turkish origin that suffered from CMO I deficiency was studied. Nucleotide sequencing of the PCR-amplified exons from the genomic DNA of this patient revealed a single point mutation CTG (leucine) CCG (proline) at codon 461 in exon 8 of CYP11B2, which is involved in the putative heme binding site of steroid 18-hydroxylase (P450(C18)). The expression study using a cDNA introducing the point mutation revealed that the amino acid substitution totally abolishes the P450(C18)p3 enzyme activities required for conversion of 11-deoxycorticosterone to aldosterone, even though the mutant product was detected in the mitochondrial fraction of the transfected cells. These results suggest that this point mutation causes CMO I deficiency.

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