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Int J Microcirc Clin Exp. 1997 Jan-Feb;17(1):15-21.

Semi-invasive laser-Doppler flowmetry technique. New application for recordings of hemodynamics in combination with manometry of human small intestine.

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Department of Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


A small-bowel manometry tube was supplied with two single-fiber microprobes, which recorded blood flow in the proximal small intestine by the laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF) technique. In all experiments, saline was infused intravenously as control during the first migrating motor complex (MMC) cycle, and a drug or another saline control given intravenously during the second MMC cycle. Recordings were performed during phase 1 of MMC, i.e. when motor pattern showed quiescence. Adrenaline increased blood perfusion values by 140% in proximal duodenum and 95% in distal duodenum. The alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine decreased the corresponding values by 34 and 25%, respectively, while oxymetazoline decreased perfusion by 33 and 44% at the same levels. The beta-adrenoceptor agonist isoprenaline increased blood perfusion values by 172% in the proximal duodenum and 194% in the distal duodenum, whereas the antagonist propranolol decreased the corresponding values by 45 and 52%, respectively. In a separate group of subjects, propranolol was given after adrenaline. The increase in blood perfusion regularly seen after adrenaline was blocked after propranolol administration. In conclusion, our findings validate semi-invasive LDF technique for studies of hemodynamics in human small intestine under basal motor conditions and in drug-induced blood flow changes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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