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Gene Ther. 1997 Apr;4(4):361-6.

Combination gene transfer to potentiate tumor regression.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109-0650, USA.


Recent efforts to treat malignancy using gene transfer have met with varying degrees of success. In this paper, we report the results of studies using two recombinant adenoviral vectors to examine the efficacy of combination gene transfer to cause tumor regression in vivo. One of these vectors encodes the murine MHC class I gene, H-2Kb (ADV-Kb), which induces an immune response that stimulates tumor regression. The second vector encodes the human p21 cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor (ADV-p21). This gene product arrests cell cycle progression and prevents proliferation of tumor cells. Both vectors were tested in a murine model in vivo for antitumor effect. As previously shown, a significant reduction of tumor size was observed with each vector. Combination treatment, in which both vectors were administered, resulted in a trend toward a reduced tumor growth greater than with either vector alone. In order to characterize the mechanism of tumor regression, cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) assays against the allogeneic molecule, H-2Kb, were performed. Mice treated with ADV-Kb showed specific CTL activity against the H-2Kb molecule, demonstrating that the immune response against the H-2Kb gene product involved in tumor regression was potentiated by expression of the p21 gene which affects cell cycle progression.

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