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FEBS Lett. 1997 May 5;407(3):297-302.

Imidazolone, a novel advanced glycation end product, is present at high levels in kidneys of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes.

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Nagoya University Daiko Medical Center, Higashi-ku, Japan.


We produced a monoclonal antibody to imidazolones A and B, novel advanced glycation end products formed from the reaction of 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG) with the guanidino group of arginine. Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry demonstrated that the formation of imidazolone A by incubating 3-DG with arginine is very rapid, reaching a maximum concentration within 24 h, but the formation of imidazolone B is very slow and low in quantity even after 2 weeks. Thus, at physiological conditions the formation of imidazolone A is dominant, while that of imidazolone B is negligible. Immunochemistry demonstrated that the imidazolone content in the kidneys of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats was significantly higher than in the control rats. Serum levels of 3-DG in the diabetic rats were also significantly higher than in control rats. 3-DG attacks the arginine residues of the tissue proteins, producing imidazolone at high levels in the kidneys affected by diabetic nephropathy.

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