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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1997 May;73(1):67-70.

Is it necessary to perform a prophylactic oophorectomy during hysterectomy?

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sapir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Kfar-Saba, Israel.



To evaluate the subsequent pelvic sonographic characteristics as well as the clinical outcome following hysterectomy with and without oophorectomy.


A prospective study of sonographic evaluation of 164 women, aged 29-72 years, with a history of hysterectomy was performed. Ninety-one patients underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and 73 women had either hysterectomy (abdominal or vaginal) only or hysterectomy with unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.


The mean time interval between surgery and sonographic evaluation was 4.3 years (range, 1-25 years). Out of the 73 women with left ovaries, 37 (50.7%) were found to have pelvic lesions and four women underwent re-operations following these findings. The histologic finding were cystadenoma, hydrosalpinx with periovarian adhesions and two paraovarian cysts. In comparison, only five of the 91 women (5.5%) following bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were found to have pelvic lesions (P < 0.0005). None of the women with prophylactic oophorectomy were operated upon following these findings.


In comparison to patients after total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, women with prior hysterectomy and ovarian preservation are prone to subsequent pelvic lesions. They need to be closely followed with clinical, laboratory and sonographic means, and may undergo reoperations in order to rule out the possibility of neoplasia.

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