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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1997 Apr 25;129(1):101-14.

Characterization of the 5'-flanking region of the gene for the cAMP-inducible protein kinase A subunit, RIIbeta, in Sertoli cells.

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Institute of Medical Biochemistry, University of Oslo, Blindern, Norway.


Activation of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases (protein kinase A, PKA) by gonadotropins and cyclic AMP (cAMP) plays an important role in the regulation of testicular functions. A regulatory subunit, RIIbeta, of PKA is transcriptionally induced in rat Sertoli cells in response to treatment with cAMP. The present study addresses regulatory mechanisms leading to increased transcription of the rat RIIbeta gene. We have localized a footprint which overlaps one of the major transcription initiation sites in the basal promoter (-293 to -123). One of the proteins binding this sequence belongs to the NF-1 family of transcription factors. We also observed binding to a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) response element. Furthermore, transfection studies of various 5'-deletions of the rat RIIbeta gene in primary cultures of rat Sertoli cells and in peritubular cells revealed the presence of an upstream region (-723 to -395, cAMP-responsive region) inhibiting basal expression from the rat RIIbeta gene only in Sertoli cells. This region was found to enhance cAMP responsiveness in Sertoli cells but not in peritubular cells. Interactions with downstream elements seemed to be important for the function of the cAMP-responsive region. Although some short stretches reveal homology to the cAMP-responsive regions of other slowly cAMP-responding genes, and an AP-1-like element is present, no strong resemblance to any known regulatory element responsive to cAMP is found.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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