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Acta Neurol Scand Suppl. 1997;169:49-58.

Characterization of retroviruses from patients with multiple sclerosis.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Aarhus, Denmark.


These studies were performed to characterize retroviruses found in cell lines spontaneously developed from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) from 6 multiple sclerosis patients, a patient with progressive myelopathy and a healthy control. The cell lines are B-lymphoblastoid and produce Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) particles or express EBV proteins. The B-lymphoblastoid cell lines are also characterized by production of low, fluctuating amounts of retrovirus. The low productivity complicates purification and characterization, but implementation of product-enhanced reverse transcriptase (PERT) assays has provided a highly useful tool for monitoring retrovirus production. By electron microscopy, the retroviral particles appear type-C-like. Functional assays indicate the presence of Pol, Gag and Env. Indirect ELISA demonstrates a significant relation between disease activity and reactivity towards retroviral peptides. Molecular characterization is primarily based on RT-PCR, cloning, sequencing and Northern- or Southern analyses. Molecular characterization is continuing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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