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Eur J Immunol. 1997 May;27(5):1140-6.

L-selectin is not essential for naive CD4 cell trafficking or development of primary responses in Peyer's patches.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. lbradley@scripps.edu

Abstract

We showed previously that L-selectin-dependent recirculation of naive CD4 cells is essential for development of primary responses in peripheral lymph nodes. Recent studies suggest that L-selectin is also required for lymphocyte entry into gut mucosal lymphoid tissues that include Peyer's patches and mesenteric lymph nodes. Here we show that anti-L-selectin antibody, MEL-14, inhibited homing of a rigorously purified, homogenous population of naive CD4 cells into both of these tissues as well as peripheral lymph nodes, directly demonstrating a role for this receptor in regulating entry into gut-associated sites. However, in intact animals, treatment with MEL-14 resulted in the loss of naive CD4 cells (CD45RBhi, CD44lo from peripheral lymph nodes but not Peyer's patches, whereas mesenteric lymph nodes were intermediate in this regard. In mice primed by parenteral immunization with keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH), primary CD4 responses were readily detected in both. Peyer's patches and mesenteric lymph nodes, and were not affected by exposure to MEL-14. Indeed, similar frequencies of KLH-specific CD4 cells were recovered from both of these tissues irrespective of MEL-14 treatment. The results indicate that interactions with L-selectin can be circumvented to allow entry of naive CD4 cells into Peyer's patches but not peripheral lymph nodes.

PMID:
9174603
DOI:
10.1002/eji.1830270514
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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