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Acta Orthop Scand. 1997 Apr;68(2):104-8.

Ethylene oxide does not extinguish the osteoinductive capacity of demineralized bone. A reappraisal in rats.

Author information

1
Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Catholic University of Louvain, Bruxelles, Belgium.

Abstract

We examined the influence of ethylene oxide (EO) and gamma irradiation on the osteoinductive capacity of demineralized bone. Demineralized bone powder prepared from Wistar rats was exposed to EO (55 degrees C or 40 degrees C) or gamma irradiation (25 KGy) or was preserved in ethanol. Sterilely-prepared bones served as controls. The powder was packed in a gelatin capsule and implanted for 6 weeks in muscles of 6-week-old female rats. Exposure of demineralized bone particles to EO 55 degrees C resulted in an almost complete loss of osteoinductivity. Irradiated bones lost about 40% of their osteoinductive capacity, while sterilization with EO at 40 degrees C resulted in only a slight alteration of the osteoinductivity, as assessed by the recovered weight ratio, calcium content, alkaline phosphatase activity measurements and histomorphometry. Ethanol treatment had no influence on the new bone yield when compared to controls. As EO exposure at 40 degrees C is a true sterilization procedure, it can be recommended in a clinical setting for its small effect on osteoinductive capacity as assessed experimentally in rats.

PMID:
9174443
DOI:
10.3109/17453679709003989
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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