Send to

Choose Destination
J Eukaryot Microbiol. 1997 Jan-Feb;44(1):61-7.

Phylogeny of the rumen ciliates Entodinium, Epidinium and Polyplastron (Litostomatea:Entodiniomorphida) inferred from small subunit ribosomal RNA sequences.

Author information

Department of Zoology, College of Biological Science, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.


There complete 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequences from the rumen ciliates, Entodinium caudatum (1,639 bp), Epidinium caudatum (1,638 bp), and Polyplastron multivesiculatum (1,640 bp) were determined and confirmed in the opposite direction. Trees produced using maximum parsimony and distance-matrix methods (least squares and neighbour-joining), with strong bootstrap support, depict the rumen ciliates as a monophyletic group. Entodinium caudatum is the earliest branching rumen ciliate. However, Entodinium simplex does not pair with En. caudatum, but rather with Polyplastron multivesiculatum. Signature sequences for these rumen ciliates reveal that the published SSrRNA gene sequence from En. simplex is in fact a Polyplastron species. The free-living haptorian ciliates, The Loxophyllum, Homalozoon and Spathidium (Subclass Haptoria), are monophyletic and are the sister group to the rumen ciliates. The litostomes (Class Litostomatea), consisting of the haptorians and the rumen ciliates, are also a monophyletic group.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center