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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1997 Jun;63(6):2181-8.

Bacterial population dynamics in a meromictic lake.

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Tvärminne Zoological Station, Hanko, Finland.


Polyclonal antibodies against nine different bacteria isolated from Lake Saelenvannet in western Norway were produced, and the population dynamics of these strains in the lake were monitored through two spring seasons by immunofluorescence staining. The total counts of bacteria varied over time and space from 1.5 x 10(6) to 1.5 x 10(7) cells ml-1. The counts of specific bacteria were in the range of 10(3) to 10(4) cells ml-1 or less; in sum, they generally made up less than 1% of the bacterial community. Some populations showed significant changes in abundance, with blooms lasting 1 to 3 weeks. The rate of change (increase and decrease) in abundance during blooms was estimated to be 0.2 to 0.6 day-1. The average virus-to-bacteria ratio was 50, and there was a significant correlation between the abundances of virus and bacteria. Both protozoan grazing and lytic virus infection were assessed as possible mechanisms driving the variations in bacterial population density.

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