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Neuroreport. 1997 Apr 14;8(6):1337-40.

Evidence of reduced DNA repair in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis brain tissue.

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Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland 97201, USA.


Oxidative stress is proposed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Anti-oxidant enzymes and DNA repair proteins are two major mechanisms by which cells counteract the deleterious effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Neurons may be particularly vulnerable to ROS-induced oxidative DNA damage; this is repaired by the base-excision repair (BER) pathway. Frontal cortical levels and activity of the pivotal BER protein apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE) were determined in 11 patients with sporadic ALS and six age-matched control subjects. APE levels (p < 0.003) and activity (p < 0.000007) were significantly lower in ALS subjects than in controls. These findings suggest that ALS brain tissue is inefficient in repairing oxidative DNA damage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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