Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Chem. 1997 May 23;40(11):1657-67.

Halogenated 4-(phenoxymethyl)piperidines as potential radiolabeled probes for sigma-1 receptors: in vivo evaluation of [123I]-1-(iodopropen-2-yl)-4-[(4-cyanophenoxy)methyl]pip eri dine.

Author information

Radiopharmaceuticals Division, ANSTO, Menai NSW, Australia.


Several halogenated 4-(4-phenoxymethyl)piperidines were synthesized as potential sigma receptor ligands. The affinity and selectivity of these compounds were determined using in vitro receptor binding assays, and their log P values were estimated using HPLC analysis. The effect of various N-substituents on the sigma-1 and sigma-2 dissociation constants was examined. These substituents included fluoroalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, iodopropenyl, and selected ortho-, meta-, and para-substituted benzyl groups. Also determined were the effects of various moieties on the phenoxy ring; specifically 4-iodo, 4-bromo, 4-nitro, 4-cyano, 3-bromo, and pentafluoro substituents were examined. The ranges in the dissociation constants of these compounds for sigma-1 and sigma-2 receptors were 0.38-24.3 and 3.9-361 nM, respectively. The ratio of Ki (sigma-2/sigma-1) ranged from 1.19 to 121. One of the most promising of the iodinated ligands, 1-(trans-iodopropen-2-yl)-4-[(4-cyanophenoxy)methyl]piperidi ne (4), was labeled with 123I and studied in vivo in adult male rats. High uptake and good retention of radioactivity was observed in the brain and many other organs known to possess sigma receptors. Blocking studies revealed high specific binding of [123I]-4 to sigma receptors in the brain, lung, kidney, heart, muscle, and other organs known to possess these sites. These results indicate that [123I]-4 and other halogenated 4-(phenoxymethyl)piperidines of this series may provide useful probes for in vivo tomographic studies of sigma receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center