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J Natl Cancer Inst. 1979 Nov;63(5):1185-8.

Evaluation of a "nude" mouse-human tumor panel as a predictive secondary screen for cancer chemotherapeutic agents.


Nine established human melanoma tissue-cultured cell lines heterotransplanted in C57BL/6 "nude" mice were exposed to each of 4 chemotherapeutic agents of known clinical activity against human melanoma. Two of the therapeutic agents, 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) and 5-(3,3-dimethyl-1-triazino) imidazole-4-carboxamide (DTIC), are known to be active against human melanoma; the other two, adriamycin and 5-azacytidine, are known to be inactive. Sterile saline served as a control agent. In 2 cell line heterotransplants, the control tumor spontaneously regressed. Of the 7 cell lines that remained for evaluation, 4 were sensitive to DTIC, 1 was sensitive to BCNU, and none was sensitive to adriamycin or 5-azacytidine. These data indicate that the nude mouse-human tumor model may be a predictive secondary screen for cancer chemotherapeutic agents.

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