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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 May 8;234(1):90-4.

Identification of a unique monocarboxylate transporter (MCT3) in retinal pigment epithelium.

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Pennsylvania College of Optometry, Philadelphia 19141-3399, USA.


The retinal pigment epithelium transports lactate between two tissue compartments, the interphotoreceptor matrix and the choriocapillaris. In this report we describe a 2.45-kb cDNA isolated from a chick cDNA RPE library that encodes a membrane protein found only in RPE cells. The deduced protein has 542 amino acids with twelve putative membrane spanning domains. The cDNA has been designated MCT3 based on its 45% identity in amino acid sequence and structural similarity with the monocarboxylate transporters MCT1 and MCT2. Stable transfectants (pCl-neo/MCT3), made in a rat thyroid epithelial cell line (FRTL-5), express MCT3 RNA. Transfectants had enhanced pyruvate uptake (used as a measure of lactate uptake) which was proton-dependent and inhibited by alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate. In summary, MCT3's unique expression in RPE cells, multiple potential phosphorylation sites, and basolateral distribution suggest that MCT3 may regulate lactate levels in the interphotoreceptor space.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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