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Chem Res Toxicol. 1997 May;10(5):582-8.

Hydrogen peroxide supports human and rat cytochrome P450 1A2-catalyzed 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline bioactivation to mutagenic metabolites: significance of cytochrome P450 peroxygenase.

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Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


We show that the naturally occurring hydroperoxide hydrogen peroxide is highly effective in supporting the cytochrome P450 1A2 peroxygenase-catalyzed metabolic activation of the heterocyclic aromatic amine 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) to genotoxic metabolites. Mutagenicity was assessed by the Ames assay with Salmonella typhimurium strain YG1012 and an activation system consisting of hydroperoxides plus either 3-methylcholanthrene-induced rat liver microsomes (rP4501A) or human P450 1A2-containing microsomes (hP4501A2). The mutagenic response was dependent on the concentration of microsomal protein, IQ, and hydroperoxides. The addition of hydrogen peroxide or tert-butyl hydroperoxide to rP4501A greatly enhanced the yield of histidine prototrophic (His+) revertants. This increase was inhibited, in a concentration-dependent manner, by alpha-naphthoflavone, a P450 1A inhibitor. Hydrogen peroxide was the most effective peroxygenase cofactor, particularly with hP4501A2 (K(m) = 0.1 mM). The hydroperoxide-supported activation of IQ produced reactive intermediates which bound to 2'-deoxyguanosine; LC/MS analysis of the adducts revealed the same major (protonated) adduct at m/z = 464.4 as previously reported for the DNA adduct formed (in vivo or in vitro) by the mixed function-catalyzed bioactivation system. None of the peroxidase-catalyzed IQ metabolites (nitro-, azo-, or azoxy-IQ) were detected. In conclusion, hydrogen peroxide in the physiological/pathological concentration range may be able to support the metabolic activation of arylamines to genotoxic products through the cytochrome P450 peroxygenase pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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