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Obstet Gynecol. 1997 May;89(5 Pt 1):690-4.

Increased prevalence of vulvovaginal condyloma and vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia in women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.

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  • 1Bureau of Disease Intervention Research, New York City Department of Health, New York, USA.



To compare the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated vulvovaginal lesions in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative women.


For this cross-sectional study, all participants received a complete gynecologic examination including colposcopic evaluation and a structured interview about sociodemographic characteristics and risk factors for vulvovaginal disease. In addition, HPV DNA was assayed for in cervicovaginal lavages using polymerase chain reaction.


Vulvar and/or vaginal condyloma acuminata were detected in 22 of 396 (5.6%) HIV-positive and in 3 of 375 (0.8%) HIV-negative women (odds ratio [OR] 7.3, P < .001). High-grade vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) was present in two of the HIV-positive and none of the HIV-negative women. Human immunodeficiency virus-positive women with condyloma or VIN were significantly more likely to have cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (33%) than those without vulvovaginal lesions (17%) (OR 2.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1, 74). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, both HIV seropositivity (adjusted OR 5.3, 95% CI 1.3, 35.3) and HPV infection (adjusted OR 6.1, 95% CI 1.7, 39.4) were associated with vulvovaginal condyloma.


The prevalence of vulvovaginal condyloma was increased in HIV-positive women even when controlling for HPV infection. Human papillomavirus-associated disease was more likely to be multicentric and involve the vulva, vagina, and cervix in HIV-positive than HIV-negative women. Detection of high-grade VIN in two of the HIV-positive women suggests that they may also be at risk for developing invasive vulvar carcinoma.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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