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Pharm Res. 1997 May;14(5):613-8.

Enhanced oral uptake of tomato lectin-conjugated nanoparticles in the rat.

Author information

1
Centre for Drug Delivery Research, School of Pharmacy, University of London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the usefulness of a surface-conjugated, bioadhesive molecule, tomato lectin, to augment intestinal uptake of orally administered inert nanoparticles.

METHODS:

Fluorescent 500 nm polystyrene nanoparticles with tomato lectin covalently surface coupled using a carbodiimide reaction were administered to female Wistar rats by oral gavage daily for 5 days.

RESULTS:

Analysis of tissue extracted polymer by gel permeation chromatography revealed a 23% systemic uptake of tomato lectin conjugated nanoparticles compared to < 0.5% of TL nanoparticles blocked with N-acetylchitotetraose thus representing an increase of almost 50 fold across the intestine. Intestinal uptake of tomato lectin-conjugated nanoparticles via the villous tissue was 15 times higher than uptake by the gut-associated lymphoid tissue.

CONCLUSIONS:

The application of tomato lectin as a bioadhesive agent in vivo has been demonstrated to enhance subsequent intestinal transcytosis of colloidal particulates to which it is bound.

PMID:
9165532
DOI:
10.1023/a:1012153011884
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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