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Diabetologia. 1997 May;40(5):496-505.

Alteration of Na,K-ATPase isoenzymes in diabetic cardiomyopathy: effect of dietary supplementation with fish oil (n-3 fatty acids) in rats.

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1
Laboratoire de Diabetologie, Marseille, France.

Abstract

Diabetic cardiomyopathy has been associated with a decrease in Na,K-ATPase activity and expression, as well as alterations in membrane lipid composition. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to document in rats the effect of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on myocardial Na,K-ATPase and fatty acids, and 2) to evaluate the potential effect of a dietary supplementation with fish oil (n-3 fatty acids) on the streptozotocin-induced changes. Assays were performed in purified cardiac plasma membranes to determine Na,K-ATPase activity, expression of the different alpha- and beta-subunits of Na,K-ATPase, and the fatty acid content of total phospholipids. Relative abundance of the mRNAs encoding the alpha 1, alpha 2 and beta 1 isoforms was studied by Northern blot analysis. Results demonstrated that diabetes significantly decreased activities of alpha 1 and alpha 2 isoforms and mRNA levels of alpha 2 and beta 1 isoforms, and, at the protein level, increased alpha 1-isoforms and decreased both alpha 2- and beta 1-isoforms. Changes in fatty acid content of the membrane were consistent with inhibition of desaturase. Fish-oil supplementation produced an increase in membrane incorporation of eicosapentaenoic acid. It also increased the level of beta 1-isoforms and restored the activity of the alpha 2-isoenzyme without significant changes in the level of alpha 1- and alpha 2-isoforms. Northern blot analysis showed no effect of fish oil supplementation. Experimental diabetes and prevention by the fish oil rich (n-3 fatty acids) diet induced specific effects on the activity and expression of alpha and beta Na,K-ATPase subunit isoforms. These studies suggest that fish oil therapy may be effective in preventing some of the adverse consequences of diabetes.

PMID:
9165216
DOI:
10.1007/s001250050707
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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