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Transpl Int. 1997;10(3):241-4.

Liver transplantation in patients with Caroli's disease and recurrent cholangitis.

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Liver Unit, Hospital Clínic i Provincial, University of Barcelona, Spain.


Caroli's disease is an uncommon congenital disorder of the intrahepatic biliary tree. It is characterized by multiple and segmental dilatations of the bile ducts. The clinical course of Caroli's disease is often complicated by recurrent episodes of bacterial cholangitis that seriously impair the patient's quality of life. Despite wide spectrum antimicrobial agents, medical treatment of cholangitis is frequently unsuccessful in patients with Caroli's disease due to the persistence of bacteria in dilatated bile ducts. Other therapies, including internal or external biliary drainages and various surgical or endoscopic procedures, have been used in the treatment of Caroli's disease, with poor results. There are no previous reports in the literature of liver transplantation for recurrent cholangitis in patients with Caroli's disease. We present two such cases, in which cholangitis is resolved.

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