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Microb Drug Resist. 1995 Fall;1(3):195-202.

Molecular epidemiology of integron-associated antibiotic resistance genes in clinical isolates of enterobacteriaceae.

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1
bioMérieux S.A. Marcy l'Etoile, France.

Abstract

The epidemiology of integron-mediated antibiotic-resistant genes in clinical enterobacteria from a single location was investigated. Forty-nine isolates (kindly provided by Dr. D. Sirot, Clermont-Ferrand, France) were selected for transferable resistance to aminoglycosides or to other antibiotics. Total DNA prepared from these strains was screened for the presence of conserved segments of integrons by PCR. The nature and frequency of inserted resistance gene cassettes were determined by direct nucleotide sequencing and were related to the resistances expressed by the strain. Integron hot-spots were present in 59% of the strains from 6 species, in either one or two copies. For amplicons sequenced, one or two antibiotic-resistant genes were found in various combinations, and were always expressed at the phenotypic level. They included the aminoglycoside resistance genes ant(3")-Ia and aac(6')-Ib (75%), as well as dhfr-I,-VII (21.4%) and blaOXA-1 (3.6%). Almost half of the transferable resistance to aminoglycosides (53%) was mediated by integron hot-spots in strains characterized at the nucleotide level. The proportion rose to 100% for the AAC(6')-I resistance profile. This study emphasizes the important contribution of integrons to aminoglycoside resistance within enterobacteria from a clinical setting.

PMID:
9158775
DOI:
10.1089/mdr.1995.1.195
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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