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Microb Drug Resist. 1995 Summer;1(2):169-76.

Penicillin-resistant and multidrug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in a pediatric hospital in Zagreb, Croatia.

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Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA.


Sixty-four penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates [benzylpenicillin minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) between 0.05 and 1.6 micrograms/ml] recovered at the Pediatric Hospital "Dr. Fran Mihaljevic" in Zagreb, Croatia between October 1990 and March 1993 were analyzed for serotype, antibiotic susceptibility patterns, and chromosomal relatedness using pulsed-field gel electrophoretic (PFGE) analysis of chromosomal DNA fragmented by digestion with the SmaI endonuclease. Hospital "Dr. Fran Mihaljevic" services the capital of Croatia and its vicinity. Most of the isolates were from nasopharyngeal carriage, but several isolates were from otitis media, sinusitis, and meningitis. Most isolates belonged to either serotype 23F (36/64) or 19F (12/64); the rest, including three 15C isolates, were in 11 additional distinct serotypes. The overwhelming majority (25/36) of the serotype 23F isolates had penicillin MIC values of 1-2 micrograms/ml and shared variants of a common PFGE pattern, closely related to the PFGE identified in multiresistant pneumococci of the same serotype with wide geographic spread to Spain, Portugal, France, and the United States. This group of bacteria was also resistant to tetracycline, chloramphenicol, and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. In contrast to the relative genetic and phenotypic homogeneity of the more highly penicillin resistant isolates, pneumococci with penicillin MICs between 0.5 and 0.4 microgram/ml (29/64) were distributed in 13 different serotypes and as many as 20 distinct PFGE patterns.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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