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J Protozool. 1977 Aug;24(3):437-41.

Cultivation of Leishmania donovani and Leishmania braziliensis in defined media: nutritional requirements.

Abstract

Nutritional requirements of promastigotes of Leishmania donovani and Leishmania braziliensis were studied in modifications of a simple defined culture medium. "Continuous growth," considered as propagation through 10 successive passages, was supported by inorganic salts, 14 l-amino acids (arginine, cysteine, glutamine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine), glucose, adenosine, and a mixture of 11 vitamins and related growth factors. Purified defatted bovine serum albumin proved beneficial. The nutritional needs of the above species of Leishmania differ from those of 2 other hemoflagellate species, Leishmania tarentolae and Crithidia fasciculata, for which glucose, proline and glutamine were found to be nonessential. It is suggested that lower hemoflagellates may be capable of synthesizing these substrates de novo. Leishmania donovani and L. braziliensis required higher levels of folic acid than L. tarentolae, probably due to the fact that folates are involved as cofactors in the biosyntheses of pyrimidines and serine. Although the mixtures reported here cannot be regarded as "minimal essential" media, they are considerably less complex than the ones employed so far for cultivating hemoflagellates, and are therefore well suited for studies related to nutrition and biosynthetic capabilities of Trypanosomatids.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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